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Can a Multisensory Reading Program Help My Child Learn to Read
Is your dyslexic child struggling to learn to read despite receiving special education services? Have you heard that a multisensory reading program might be right for your child? Wondering what multisensory reading programs teach? This article will discuss what multisensory reading programs are, the principles of instruction, and what specific skills they teach.
Studies by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development have shown that for children with learning difficulties in reading, the most effective teaching method is the multisensory teaching method. This is especially important for a child with dyslexia.
A multisensory approach to teaching means helping a child learn through more than one sense at a time. According to the International Dyslexia Association: Teaching principles are;
1. Simultaneous multisensory which means that teaching is done using all learning pathways in the brain (visual, auditory, kinesthetic/tactile).
2. Systematic and cumulative, which means that multisensory language learning requires that the organization of material follows the logical order of the brain. Each step must also be based on what has already been learned.
3. Direct Instruction: Learning any concept cannot be taken for granted. Multisensory language teaching requires direct teaching of all concepts with continuous student-teacher interaction.
4. Diagnostic teaching means that the teacher must be skilled in individualized teaching. The curriculum is based on a careful and continuous assessment of the child’s needs. The presented content must be mastered to the degree of automaticity.
5. Synthetic and analytical instruction: Multisensory, structured language programs include both synthetic and analytical instruction. Synthetic instruction introduces the parts of a language and then teaches how the parts work together to form a whole. Analytical instruction presents the whole and teaches how it can be broken down into parts.
According to LD online and the International Dyslexia Association: A multisensory reading program teaches the following:
1. Phonology and phonological awareness. Phonology is the study of sounds and how they work together. Phonological awareness is the understanding of the linguistic structure of words. An important aspect of phonological awareness is phonemic awareness, or the ability to segment words into their component sounds.
2. Association with a sound symbol. It is knowing the different sounds in the English language and their correspondence with the letters and combinations of letters that represent those sounds. Sound-symbol association must be taught in two directions: visual to auditory and auditory to visual. Students must also learn to combine sounds and letters into words, as well as segment whole words into individual sounds.
3. Syllabus instruction. A syllable is a unit of spoken or written language with a single vowel. Teaching must include teaching the six basic syllable types in English: closed, vowel-consonant-e, open, consonant-le, r-controlled, and diphthong.
4. Morphology is the science of how morphemes are combined from words. The curriculum must include the study of basic words, roots, prefixes and suffixes.
5. Syntax is a set of principles that dictate the order and function of words in a sentence to convey meaning. This includes grammar, sentence variation and language mechanics.
6. Semantics is that aspect of language that deals with meaning. The curriculum must include instruction in written language comprehension.
Children with reading disabilities and dyslexia can benefit from a multisensory reading program and teaching style. By understanding what a multisensory reading program is and how effective it is in teaching children to read, you can fight for one for your child.
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