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Disobedience As a Psychological and Moral Problem
The most common idea of the day is “Obedience is a virtue and disobedience is a vice”. However, looking at history, we see a clear trend that it was through disobedience that we managed to achieve what we have achieved so far in the best order. However, by obeying, we as humans have only managed to create chaos and discomfort for all other people.
The Kalahari pig lifestyle is the most primitive source of lifestyle that we can find in today’s modern society. These people are reminiscent of the lives of early man who walked the earth before Christopher Columbus landed in the American Hemisphere. Despite all the wars and changes in the world, these people seem to be the happiest people living in what we call hell, the unforgiving Kalahari desert. They know no obedience to any system or man, they live in a symbiotic relationship with nature and over time they have learned to enrich that relationship to the point where they can find water in the desert and live a very peaceful life in isolation.
Now looking at the other side of the coin, we with everything convenient to us have trouble being truly independent. Because society has created us as the wheel of this self-destructive society that it manages by embedding “obedience” into all aspects of our lives, rather than making us the operator of this machine called society by allowing us to be independent and disobedient. The problem arises when the social operator turns the machine in a direction where all the wheels will follow one another in obedience and no one will stop, leading to the final end of the day.
A common idea is: “Obedience is a virtue and disobedience is a vice”. However, as we look into our history to understand how we as humans became who we are, we see that the common idea of virtue obedience is untrue. As the famous psychologist and writer, Erich Fromm, says, “Human history began with an act of disobedience” (Fromm 246). Through the ages from Paleolithic man to Neolithic man, thanks to various acts of disobedience, such as defying the knowledge that Paleolithic man possessed as a hunter and cave dweller, we were able to achieve our mental and spiritual growth to the heights of the space age.
In addition, looking at this from a religious perspective, we see that throughout the Bible man began to become free because of disobedience. King David’s disobedience with Bathsheba started the bloodline of Jesus who is the ultimate symbol of freedom and all that is good. Furthermore, throughout the Bible we see Jesus consistently defying the law of Israel in order to free the people of Israel from the law of the Pharisees (Garrett Luke 23:1,23:24).
Apart from religion, looking at the world’s socio-political arena, we see that due to various acts of disobedience, a handful allowed many people freedom. George Washington and John Adams branded traitors by the British for disobeying their law created what we know as America; Abraham Lincoln, against the consent of the majority that almost divided the country and created a civil war, abolished slavery. Likewise, Martin Luther King Jr., disregarding the common notion of segregation, freed our fellow African Americans, which allowed us to have an African American president in 2009 which opened a new era in American history.
However, we still remain attached to the theory of obedience as a virtue. Looking back at history, we see that our slavery to submission at all costs or “Go with the wave” mentality has resulted in the demise of civilizations. The destruction of Troy VII (Thompson), despite the myth, we see as the decision of the smaller cities of the states of the Greek Empire to take over the best trading station and have a monopoly of trade in the Aegean Sea, which ended the golden age of Athens (Thompson). Furthermore, during the Roman era, the assassination of Gaius Julius Caesar by Brutus, despite what Shakespeare says, was an act of obedience to the senate, leading to the death of the great leader and the 16 years of bloodbath that concluded the Roman era. pages of history (Richard 175).
One could write volumes of books based on the theme of how obedience contributed to the end of days of many powerful civilizations and systems. So what makes a person more inclined to obey than to disobey? Man is a social creature, in childhood man learns by copying what others do in his environment. When the mother points to the father and says “daddy” the baby with time points as a male figure who is constantly around the mother and says “daddy” not knowing if the male figure is really the father or not.
In the same way, during childhood we learn the art of pleasing people and giving up our independent thinking. You do something that makes mom and dad happy, you get a reward, and when you please your teachers, you get through school easily. This relationship between student and school is a perfect example of shaping us to be obedient, not disobedient; the sticky thorn in the heel of men that keeps us in the boxes of other paradises. As the child grew up, he became so dependent on other people that his whole life became a mirror of someone else. The fact that the type of hair cream, the car we drive, the partners we choose, even the toilet paper we flush down the toilet reflects the needs of our friends and keeps us tied to a false sense of security and obedience. To be truly free and independent, one must “have the courage to say no (and) the power to disobey.” (From 249).
Consequently, we cannot say No to authority, be it religious, governmental, educational or otherwise, because of the sense of power we feel when we obey it and the sense of security we feel. Furthermore, the three-line experiment discussed by Solomon E Asch in the article “Opinions and Social Pressure” where an individual person, when exposed to majority pressure as to whether it is right or wrong. The subject tends to err in his or her opinion by trying to satisfy the opinion of the majority despite being right in his or her own individual opinion (Asch 207). This clearly shows us that social pressure also plays a big role in why we can’t say no.
The importance of being independent in your opinions and decisions is not only beneficial for us as individuals but also for the whole world. By studying systems like the Third Reich that were designed to reach all aspects of every social level, we see that when man obeys authority without question, its effects can be devastating not only to the individual but to the entire world. The end of World War II on November 25, 1945 began the last chapter of Hitler’s Germany, which represented the ultimate structure of obedience, and the first chapter of humanity. The Nuremberg Trials where all the war criminals were accused of complicity in the holocaust gave us a good overview of the extreme capacity for obedience that human beings possess even to kill 5 million people because the hierarchy authorized it.
During the trial, not all of the defendants pleaded guilty, but, with the exception of a handful, all of the defendants were found guilty of Count Three and Count Four (Crimes against Humanity) (Taylor and Kent 14), after the prosecution presented witnesses and evidence including reduced heads from the Buchenwald concentration camp. When asked why the defense committed these monstrosities, the usual summary answer was “I followed orders”. Taking the testimony of Auschwitz commander Rudolf Hoess dr. It is more than obvious to Kauffmann on the Nuremberg Trails (Monday, April 15, 1946) to claim that, despite his own troubled conscience, the killing of so many men, women, and children was justified by obedience to orders issued by the state (Stackelberg and Winkle 374). Furthermore, when Adolf Eichmann faced trial on April 11, 1961 for his part in the final solution known as the Holocaust, his answers to questions about why he committed these monstrosities were simple: “I was a soldier and I followed orders,” “I never did nothing, great or small, without first receiving express instructions from Adolf Hitler or any of my superiors.” (Eichmann)
Yet one can be obedient to a system or a person if “everything is good, everything is wise: (the system) must become omniscient” (Is 249). This is where Jesus and his ministry come as a great example. “Jesus didn’t just break the law, he defined what the law should be” (Crawford 35), he was obedient to an omniscient and perfect God. However, the world we live in and the leaders we choose to follow from church to government are not perfect like god, despite many leaders preaching freedom, a free system cannot exist without disobedience, taking away the freedom of disobedience takes away freedom itself.
Finally, just as in the times when the Industrial Revolution ignited the boiling pot that led to World War I and World War II, modern space and nuclear technology are fueling the next boiling pot. Given that many countries, including world powers, are at constant war with each other, all it takes is one obedient soldier and one stubborn obedient commander and a nuclear holocaust will surely occur, therefore it will not be through an act of disobedience, but through an act obedience that will cause the end of days.
Asch, Solomon E. “Opinions and Social Pressure.” Behrens, Laurence and Leonard J Rosen. Writing and reading across the curriculum. 3rd New York: Pearson, 2009. 206-212.
Crawford, Curtis. Civil Disobedience Case Book. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1973.
Fromm, Erich. “Disobedience as a psychological and moral problem.” Behrens, Laurence and Leonard J Rosen. Writing and reading across the curriculum. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. 245-250.
Garrett, Dr. Duane A. New International Version Archaeological Bible. Michigan: Zondervan, 2005.
Richard, Carl J. Twelve Greeks and the Novel That Changed the World. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
Stackelberg, Roderick, and Anne Sally Winkle. Nazi Germany Original: An Anthology of Texts. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
Taylor, Richard Norton and Nicolas Kent. Nuremberg. London: Nick Hern Books, 1997.
Thompson, Diane. The Trojan War: Literature and Legend from the Bronze Age to the Present. NC: McFarland, 2004.
Trial of Adolf Eichmann [VHS]. Perf. Adolph Eichmann. in 1961
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